Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, Dehradun
is the capital of Uttaranchal. It is one of the most
beautiful resorts in the sub mountain tracks of India,
known for its scenic surroundings. The name Dehradun
is a collection of two words "dera" meaning
camp and " dun" meaning valley.
Said to be one of the oldest cities in India, it is
believed that Lord Rama and his brother did penance
here for killing Ravana, the demon king. During the
17th and 18th centuries Dehradun
changed hands several times: Guru Ram Rai retreated
here from Punjab, the Mughal Governor Najib-ud-Daula
occupied it from 1757-1770 and the Gorkhas overran
it on their westward expansion before ceding it to
the British in 1815. Under the British, Dehradun became
an elite town with many a fine institutions like Forest
Research Institute, Doon School and Welham Schools
for girls and boys, many more, like the ONGC and Wadia
Institute of Himalayan Studies, were added in time.
Dehradun has now become an important tourist destination.